Historical Monuments of Mtskheta
Listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1994
Mtskheta, situated at the confluence of the Aragvi and Mtkvari Rivers in East Georgia, holds historical significance with cultural, economic, and political influence from the Roman and Persian Empires. Despite losing its capital status, Mtskheta remains a religious center.
Jvari Monastery, constructed in the 6th century, stands on a rocky plateau on the opposite side of Mtskheta, showcasing harmonious integration with the landscape and demonstrating how architecture can blend seamlessly with nature.
Svetitskhoveli, one of the country's largest cathedrals (11th century), is located in the center of Mtskheta. It is considered the religious heart of Georgia, believed to house the mantle of Christ under a 17th-century ciborium.
Another noteworthy site is the 11th-century Samtavro Nunnery, constructed by Arsukisdze's Master. The western aedicule serves as the mausoleum of Miriani, the first Christian king of Kartli Kingdom, and his wife Nana (4th century). The nunnery also features a 5th-century shrine dedicated to St. Nino, who played a crucial role in preaching Christianity in the early 4th century.
The historic churches of Mtskheta, including Jvari Monastery, Svetitskhoveli, and Samtavro Nunnery, showcase the high level of art and culture from the Kartli Kingdom. These monuments played pivotal roles in the political, religious, social, and economic life of the region. They also signify the introduction of Christianity to the Caucasus mountain region, offering excellent examples of medieval ecclesiastical architecture and showcasing evolving building typologies from the 4th to the 18th centuries.
To book tours, please, check detailed itineraries for full-day private tours from Tbilisi below: