Abastumani - SPA town in Georgia
Abastumani Daba - a small urban-type 19th c settlement, is one of the top mountain spa resorts in Georgia. Located in the evergreen gorge of the Adjara-Imereti Pass, in the South of the Meskheti Range, and east of the Fersati Mountain (1275-1340 m above sea level) resort is settled in the gorge of the river Otskhi.
Climate in Abastumani is a moderately dry with relative humidity, in summer reaching just 50%. The average annual number of hours of sunshine is 3.000. The average annual rainfall is 626 mm. Fluctuations in air temperature and atmospheric pressure in Abastumani are completely insignificant. Weather is warm during the day and cool in the evening. The maximum air temperature is 37 ° C, the minimum is -32 C.
The valley is covered with coniferous forests, dominated by pine. During the spring pine forest begins to bloom, causing it to release so-called dust and scatter in the air entering the respiratory system, which is one of the best remedies for the lungs. This air is incomparable as a treatment for simultaneous rehabilitation, which is why a vacation in Abastumani is so demanding, especially for children with respiratory diseases. The air here contains large amounts of isoniazid that kills bacteria.
Abastumani is famous for its healing sulfurous waters as well. Three hyperthermic springs of Abastumani with 39-48.5 °C temperature is less mineralized, rich in sulphate-chloride-sodium water. They have long been used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
What distinguishes the mountain climate and what are the benefits of a vacation at Abastumani mountain resort?
Mountain climate, fresh air, intense radiation of the sun, especially ultraviolet rays, low barometric pressure and much higher oxygen content. The mountain air has a tonic and calming effect on the human body. This is especially true for those who suffer from chronic compensated diseases of the lungs and heart.
The biological action of the mountain climate is diverse:
- Calms and tones the nervous system
- Improves regulation of vital processes (activates metabolism, respiratory function, blood circulation and digestion);
- Increases the body's susceptibility to various diseases, including infectious pathologies.
- Ozone, which is rich in mountain air:
- Hasa destructive effect on bacteria, viruses and fungi;
- Enhances oxidation-reduction processes;
- Rapidly reduces and relieves the effects of intoxication;
- Improves microcirculation, thereby enhances tissue oxygen saturation, eliminates oxygen starvation;
- Mobilizes fat resources at high energy consumption.
The main healing factors of the climate resort are the climate and the peculiarities of the landscape. Mountain climatic resorts are used to treat pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, hypotension and other diseases. Along with the treatment, the resort is of great importance for the prevention of various diseases and for the healing of the body. Of particular importance is the mountain resort for children.
Historian, geographer and cartographer Vakhushti Bagrationi wrote that on the site of present-day Abastumani, as early as the 14th century, there was a densely populated town of Otzrkhe and that there were famous healing waters. In the 17th century, during Ottoman rule, a Turkish-style bath was built here. In the 30s of the XIX century it became possible to make a scientific study of thermal healing waters. As a result, it was called Abastumani Chlorenatrium Sulfate Calcium Hyperthermic Healing Waters and was used to treat rheumatic, gynecological, dermatological, neurological diseases, metabolic disorders and chronic ulcers.
Indications for treatment are:
- various forms of pulmonary tuberculosis and its accompanying diseases
- tuberculous lymph nodes and pleurisy
- chronic bronchitis
- mild forms of bronchial asthma
There are tub sanatoriums in Abastumani, Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, cultural, educational and health care facilities.
Driving distance: Abastumani is located in 260 km from Tbilisi. Resort Sairme is connected by Zekari Pass in summer only - 90 km from Abastumani. This is an extreme western entrance and checkpoint of Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park. Driving distance from Adigeni is 25 km and 28 km from Akhaltsikhe.
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