katsoburi protected area

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  • Katsoburi protected area

Katsoburi Managed Nature Reserve was established in 1996 and its total area is 295 hectares. It is located at a distance of 300 km from Tbilisi, in the southwestern part of Abasha District.

The territory of the Managed Nature Reserve is mainly flat – its maximum height does not exceed 40 m above sea level. Alluvial clay-sands are widespread here, while the humus clay-sand soils can be found in small areas. The Rioni River flows through the territory of Katsoburi Managed Nature Reserve. Besides it, the underground waters are an important part of hydrographic network of the Managed Nature Reserve, the levels of which in some places come near to the ground surface and create marshes.

The climate of Kolkheti lowland is characteristic for the Katsoburi Managed Nature Reserve –the mean annual minimum temperature of January is - 4oC, and maximum – is +22oC. The Total amount of annual precipitation is 17757mm.

In the past there were real Colchis forests in this territory. Only the modified remainders of the forests have been preserved for today. At present the flora in Katsoburi Managed Nature Reserve mainly consists of alder groves, were among the forest-making species there can be found wing nut (Pterocarya pterocarpa), ash tree (Fraxinus excelsior), et al. On the areas of the Managed Nature Reserve covered with forest one can also find Mimosa (Acacia dealbata), alder tree (Alnus barbata), Goat willow (Salix caprea), pear (Pyrus caucasica), wild plum (Prunus divaricata), oleaster (Elaeagnus angustifolia) and Indigo bush (Amorpha fruticosa).

The Katsoburi Managed Nature Reserve is poor in species of fauna. Among hoofed animals here can be found the Wild boar (Sus scrofa) and Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), and among beasts of prey – wolf (Canis lupus), hare (Lepus europiacus), jackal (Canis aureus), badger (Meles meles), Wild cat (Felis silvestris) and otter (Lutra lutra).

Among birds only several species can be found in the Managed Reserve, such as: Wood pigeon (Columba palumbus), Grey heron (Ardea cinerea), Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), Mallard (Anas plathyrynchos), Ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca), Sparrow hawk (Accipiter nisus), Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), et al. Existence of population of Colchis pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) can be noted as well.

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